Glossary of Rope and Material Terms and Trade Names
Only trade names which uniquely identify a material are listed. Trade names are capitalized. Acronyms and chemical abbreviations are upper case. Other terms are lower case.
aramid: A high strength, high modulus fibre. Trade names include Kevlar and Twaron.
Atlas: Bexco (Belgium), Drahtseilwerk Bremerhaven and Lankhorst Euronete trade name for a rope comprised of two forms of nylon. Half the outer yarns on a strand are conventional fine multifilament nylon fibre. The other outer yarns are large monofilament fibres (tradename Perlon).
Dacron: duPont trade name for polyester
Deltaflex: Bexco trade name for a high strength polyester and polypropylene mixed fibre rope.
Dyneema: DSM (Dutch State Mines) name for HMPE fibre.
HMPE: High Modulus Polyethylene, a high strength, high modulus fibre. Trade names include Dyneema and Spectra.
Jetkore: Samson/American trade name for a 6 strand rope of nylon, polyester, and polypropylene.
Kevlar: duPont trade name for aramid.
Karat: Scan Ropes (Norway) trade name for a polypropylene-polyester copolymer fibre material, also used in ropes by several other manufacturers.
LCAP: Liquid crystal aromatic polyester (not official abbreviation. A subcategory of LCP, liquid crystal polymer.
monofilament: A fibre having relatively large diameter.
multifilament: A fibre having relatively small diameter.
Nelson: Marlow trade name for staple polypropylene rope.
Nystron: Samson trade name for a double braid rope having a nylon core and a polyester cover.
PA: Chem. abbreviation for polyamide or nylon.
PE: Chem. abbreviation for polyethylene.
PES, PET: Chem. abbreviations for polyester.
PP: Chem. abbreviation for polypropylene.
PPTA: Chem. abbreviation for aramid.
polyamide: The common chemical name for nylon. This name is used in Europe.
Perlon: Bayer Chemical Co. (Germany) trade name for nylon.
Poly-Plus: Wall Industries trade name for a polyester-polypropylene rope.
Power Braid: Samson trade name for a double braid rope having a polypropylene core and a nylon cover.
polyolefin: The chemical group which includes both polypropylene and polyethylene. This term might refer to either of these fibres.
Spectra: Allied name for HMPE fibre.
spun: Yarns which are formed by twisting short fibres together in the same manner as was done for natural fibres.
staple: Short fibres, resembling the form of natural fibres, which are spun (twisted) together to form a yarn.
Supermix: Marlow trade name for a polyester-polypropylene mixed fibre rope.
Terylene: ICI (England) trade name for polyester.
Thor: Marlow trade name for the Atlas rope design.
Twaron: Akzo name for aramid.
Ultraline: Samson/American trade name for a polypropylene-polyester copolymer material rope.
Vectran: Hoechst Celanese name for liquid crystal aromatic polyester fibre
February 23, 2003